Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts
The museum was founded in 1912 by professor of Moscow University Tsvetayev and was supported by private donations. Its building was constructed in 1895–1912 and was first known as Alexander III's museum.

It is the largest museum in Russia after the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. It has a fine collection of Western European Art. Ancient Greece and Rome are also well represented though mostly by copies. The pride of the museum is the collection of ancient Egyptian art collected by Golenishev, as well as famous Fayoum Portraits of the 1st–4th centuries A.D.

One of the most significant and valuable sectors of the museum's collection is that of the Western European art of the 17–18th centuries. The leading Italian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch  and French schools are widely represented in the museum.

The collection of French art of the 18–20th centuries is fully represented and illustrates different schools and trends such as "barbison" school, impressionism, postimpressionism, cubism and so on.