The Armoury Chamber, a treasure-house, is a part of the Grand Kremlin Palace's complex. It is situated in the building constructed in 1851 by architect Konstantin Ton. The museum collections were based on the precious items that had been preserved for centuries in the tsars' treasury and the Patriarch's vestry. Some of the exhibits were made in the Kremlin's workshops, others were accepted as ambassadorial gifts. The museum was named after one of the oldest Kremlin's treasury stores.
One of the world's largest museums of applied art, it contains items ranging in age from the 4th cent. A.D. to the 20th century, arranged in thematic collections — i.e. weaponry, jewelry, Russian and West European silverware, precious textiles and embroideries, regalia, carriages and ceremonial harnesses.
Here on the display there are samples of ancient armory, valuables of all Grand Princes from the Ruric Family to the Romanovs, monastic utensils, a rare collection of jewelry. The Armory Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin was the treasury of the Moscow tsars and emperors for 8 centuries. The highlight of the museum is the collection of Easter eggs by Faberge jewelers (19th cent); among them there is a silver egg, the surface of which is engraved with a map of the Trans-Siberian railroad, the "surprise" inside is a golden clockwork model of a train with a platinum engine, windows of crystal, and a headlight made of a tiny ruby.