Museum of the Siege of Leningrad.
St. Petersburg. Russia.
1. The courage of Leningraders, who didn't surrender their city to the Nazi occupiers, was immortalized in the exhibits of the opened museum
2. History of defensive battles and blockade are presented by unique items
3. Most of the exhibition is devoted to the residents of the besieged city: the organization of their daily life, military production, operation of utilities, transport activities in the siege period.
4. The museum covers the entire period of the siege - the beginning of the war and leaving for the front, through the disaster to the victory and working life after the victory.
71 years of the lifting of the blockade of Leningrad turned on January 27, 2015 .
The museum is located at Solyanoi lane. The area recieved the name due to the warehouses of wine and salt on the site of the former shipyards. The building, as usual, was rebuilt and acquired its present appearance according to the preject by architect P.P.Trifanov to accommodate collections of the Handicraft Museum (now its exhibits are in the Russian Museum). Visitors are greeted by portraits and paintings created in the post-war Soviet period. The museum originates from the exhibition "The Heroic Defence of Leningrad" organized even during the war.
One of the reasons of starvation in the besieged city was the destruction of Badaevskie food stores. Everybody knows about bread rationing(bread-tickets), but there were also hygienic -to take a shower. Heating and lighting systems were destroyed by German aircrafts . In remote areas of the river water could be bought - the official service, plus black markets. Nutritional standards were set very low, if you had something valuable you could change it for the products at the black market. There were fights around the city. Some of the exhibits -were probably were given to the museum, and some - obviously found during excavations. In the city there were saboteurs. The museum exhibits samples of German flyers and photos of a dead agent. The recordings of the metronome, air raid alarm, performances of Olga Bergolts are switched on during the tour.
A large part is devoted to the Road of Life on Ladoga Lake. At the bottom of the lake they still find things that belonged to people who were trying to evacuate. Also people died from the effects of starvation in the evacuation .
In the spring there was a danger of the epidemic, but all the corpses were removed by April 1942. Leningraders grew vegetables in the summer, and mortality began to decline. Schoolchildren continuedtheir studies, Christmas parties were arranged for Leningrad children. The tram, that even could you bring to the front ,appeared in the city. Theatres and tobacco factories kept working. The food situation has improved after the break of the blockade . Many children have been awarded the medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" before receiving their passports.
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