Bukhara is the capital of the Bukhara Province of Uzbekistan. Located on the Silk Road, the city has long been a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. Bukhara has been one of the main centers of Turkic civilization during its history. Its architecture and archaeological sites form one of the pillars of the Central Asian history and art. The region of Bukhara was for a long period a part of the Persian Empire. The Trans-Caspian railway was built through the city in the late 19th century. The historic center of Bukhara has been listed by UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites.
The modern Bukhara (about 300 thousand of citizens) as many other cities is divided into the Old city and the New one. The administrative buildings, schools, institutes, industrial enterprises are located in the new part of the city.