Rostov on the Don (sometimes translated from Russian as Rostov-na-Donu) is the capital of Rostov region of Russian Federation and the administrative center of the North Caucasus district.
The city was founded in 1749. First, Temernik custom house on the Don was built, but soon it became a large fortress that evolved into a settlement. In 1797 it was named Rostov-na-Donu as opposed to the older town of Rostov which is presently a part of Yaroslavl region.
Rostov is one of the biggest industrial centers in Russia. With more than 1 million residents, Rostov is a major port, rail hub and an important industrial, cultural and scientific center. The residents and visitors of Rostov-on-Don have a choice of four theatres, a philharmonic, and over 900 libraries, including the Central City Public library. The Rostov Museum of Fine Arts offers different exhibitions, including some genuine works by Russian artists Repin, Surikov, Perov and Levitan.