The foundation of the city is related to 1740 when the Commandor Vitus Bering decided to set up a base in the Avacha bay. The expedition aimed to cross the Pacific ocean to the unknown shores of the future Russian America. Since its foundation it turned into the capital of the whole peninsula — Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky-city. It has a population of about 200,000, which is nearly half of the entire population of Kamchatka. There are no tall buildings in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky because of earthquake risks, the city consists mostly of Soviet-style 5-storey buildings and even its long-time residents make no claims about Petropavlovsk's beauty. Nevertheless, there are still many interesting things to see. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is a big sea port, a city with dramatic history and incredibly beautiful surroundings. Visit the fishing and trading ports, Lenin Square with most of the government buildings and the main theaters and museums, enjoy a magnificent view of the volcanoes surrounding the city — Avachinsky, Koryaksky and Kozelsky, learn about the city's past as a home-base for military submarine fleet. The 18 monuments of Petropavlovsk reflect the stages of the city's exciting history.

It is very easy to move round the city. There is the main street leading through Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky along the bay and all the big shops and sights can be found there.