Novosibirsk was founded in 1893 on the place of railway bridge construction over the river Ob. At first the village had name Novyi, then Alexander village in honor to St. Alexander Nevskiy heavenly patron of emperor Alexander III. From 1895 it was renamed in  Novo-Nikolaev village in honor to St Nikolay Wonderworker heavenly patron of emperor Nikolay II. In 1903 the village got status of city and in 1925 Novo-Nikolaevsk was renamed in Novosibirsk. There are two events that played an important role in transformation  it into megapolis in the history of town. The first is construction of Trans-Siberian Railway and bridge over Ob river. The second fundamental event was transportation of great number of industrial enterprises during II World War in Novosibirsk. From 2000 Novosibirsk is the centre of Siberian federal district.