Nizhny Novgorod

Nizhny Novgorod was founded on the confluence of the two Great Russian Rivers — the Volga and the Oka — by Prince Yuri (George) Vsevolodovich in 1221 as a strong standpoint of defending the Russian frontiers from Mordvinians, Cheremisians and Tatars.

The magnificent geographical situation of the town was instrumental in making Nizhny Novgorod a major commercial center in Russia in the 19th century. Despite its rich historical heritage, Nizhny Novgorod tends to be better known in the West as the city to which Andrei Sakharov, "father of the H-bomb", then later awarded the Nobel prize for his work defending human rights, was exiled. Nizhny Novgorod occupies the 5th position among most populated and industrially developed cities of Russia and is a center of Nizhny Novgorod region and a recognized capital of the Volga economic region.