Kostroma is one of the oldest city in Russia. Located on the left bank of the Volga River, it abounds in magnificent monuments of old architecture.
The group of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century monuments in Kostroma and its surburbs include the Church of the Manifestation of Christ, the complex of the Ipatievsky Monastery, the Church of the Resurrection-on-the-Debra and the Church of St. John the Baptist. Two ancient structures — the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin and the Church of the Transfiguration are situated on the right bank of the Volga.
The Ipatievsky Monastery is one of the main sights of the city. It was founded in the latter half of the thirteenth century. The monastery experienced especial flourishing in the second half of the fourteenth century when the local boyar family of Godunov became powerful and donated funds for the erection of its stone walls and towers. The central structure in the monastery is the Trinity Cathedral built in 1652 on the site of the older church destroyed in 1649 by an explosion of gunpowder kept in the cellars. In 1958, a unique open-air museum of wooden architecture was set up at the walls of the Ipatievsky Monastery. Churches, old houses, barns, water- and windmills, and small bathhouses were brought from various villages in the Kostroma Region. Among the exhibits, the Church of the Synaxis of the Virgin (1552) from the village of Kholm and the Church of the Transfiguration (1713) from the Vezhi pogost command particular attention. Also on display there is a large collection of objects of wood-carving whose traditions were passed from father to son.
This combination of the monuments of old architecture and cozy provintial neo-classicism, creates the unique, unforgettable image of Kostroma.